Python Introduction Programming Language

Python is a popular programming language. It was created in 1991 by Guido van Rossum.
Python is an interpreted, high-level, general-purpose programming language.
Interesting fact:
Python is named after the comedy television show Monty Python’s Flying Circus. It is not named after the Python snake.

 Readable: 
Python is a very readable language.

Easy to Learn: 
Learning python is easy as this is a expressive and high level programming language, which means it is easy to understand the language and thus easy to learn.

 Cross platform: 
Python is available and can run on various operating systems such as Mac, Windows, Linux, Unix etc. This makes it a cross platform and portable language.

Open Source: 
Python is a open source programming language.

Large standard library: 
Python comes with a large standard library that has some handy codes and functions which we can use while writing code in Python.

Free: 
Python is free to download and use. This means you can download it for free and use it in your application

 Supports exception handling: 
If you are new, you may wonder what is an exception? An exception is an event that can occur during program exception and can disrupt the normal flow of program. Python supports exception handling which means we can write less error prone code and can test various scenarios that can cause an exception later on.

Supports exception handling: 
If you are new, you may wonder what is an exception? An exception is an event that can occur during program exception and can disrupt the normal flow of program. Python supports exception handling which means we can write less error prone code and can test various scenarios that can cause an exception later on.

Automatic memory management: 
Python supports automatic memory management which means the memory is cleared and freed automatically. You do not have to bother clearing the memory.

It is used for:

  1. web development (server-side),
  2. software development,
  3. mathematics,
  4. system scripting.

What can Python do?

  1. Python can be used on a server to create web applications.
  2. Python can be used alongside software to create workflows.
  3. Python can connect to database systems. It can also read and modify files.
  4. Python can be used to handle big data and perform complex mathematics.
  5. Python can be used for rapid prototyping, or for production-ready software development.

Python Syntax compared to other programming languages

  1. Python was designed to for readability, and has some similarities to the English language with influence from mathematics.
  2. Python uses new lines to complete a command, as opposed to other programming languages which often use semicolons or parentheses.
  3. Python relies on indentation, using white space, to define scope; such as the scope of loops, functions and classes. Other programming languages often use curly-brackets for this purpose.

Benefits of python

  1. The most recent major version of Python is Python 3, which we shall be using in this tutorial. However, Python 2, although not being updated with anything other than security updates, is still quite popular.
  2. In this tutorial Python will be written in a text editor. It is possible to write Python in an Integrated Development Environment, such as Thonny, Pycharm, Netbeans or Eclipse which are particularly useful when managing larger collections of Python files.

Why Python is trending ?

  1. Python works on different platforms (Windows, Mac, Linux, Raspberry Pi, etc).
  2. Python has a simple syntax similar to the English language.
  3. Python has syntax that allows developers to write programs with fewer lines than some other programming languages.
  4. Python runs on an interpreter system, meaning that code can be executed as soon as it is written. This means that prototyping can be very quick.
  5. Python can be treated in a procedural way, an object-orientated way or a functional way.

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