It was realised over time that politics as a study of the state and institutions of the state like the government bodies does not go deep enough into various aspects of the political life of a citizen. The ordinary citizen and his political life is an interaction between him and the society and polity of which he is a part. To understand politics therefore one has to understand the whole social process and phenomenon.
To study politic as a social science and as a dimension of the social phenomenon and social process however leads to divergent views. Different schools of thought view the social process differently. Many people and thinkers at different times in history have propounded on the social process of politics but the main schools of thought that have made an impact are as follows: (a) The Liberal View (b) The Marxist View, (c) The Common Good View and (d) The Study of Power View.