NITI AAYOG – TRANSFORMING INDIA

The National Institution for Transforming India, also called NITI Aayog is a think tank of the Government of India, which provides strategic inputs to the policy-making and development process of India. NITI Aayog was formed via a resolution of the Union Cabinet on January 1, 2015. It is the premier policy ‘Think Tank’ of the Government of India, providing both directional and policy inputs. While designing strategic and long-term policies and programmes for the Government of India, NITI Aayog also provides relevant technical advice to the Centre and States.

The Government of India, in keeping with its reform agenda, constituted the NITI Aayog to replace the Planning Commission instituted in 1950. This was done in order to better serve the needs and aspirations of the people of India. An important evolutionary change from the past, NITI Aayog acts as the quintessential platform of the Government of India to bring States to act together in national interest, and thereby fosters Cooperative Federalism.

At the core of NITI Aayog’s creation are two hubs – Team India Hub and the Knowledge and Innovation Hub. The Team India Hub leads the engagement of states with the Central government, while the Knowledge and Innovation Hub builds NITI’s think-tank capabilities. These hubs reflect the two key tasks of the Aayog.

NITI Aayog is also developing itself as a State-of-the-Art Resource Centre, with the necessary resources, knowledge and skills, that will enable it to act with speed, promote research and innovation, provide strategic policy vision for the government, and deal with contingent issues.

There are various funvtions of Niti Aoyog such as to evolve a shared vision of national development priorities- sectors and strategies with the active involvement of States, in the light of national objectives, to foster cooperative federalism through structured support initiatives and mechanisms with the States on a continuous basis, recognising that strong States make a strong nation and to develop mechanisms to formulate credible plans at the village level and aggregate these progressively at higher levels of government. Also, to ensure, on areas that are specifically referred to it, that the  interests of national security are incorporated in economic strategy and policy to pay special attention to the sections of our society that may be at risk of not benefiting adequately from economic progress and various others in specific realms.

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