Its been years since every government has the policy to reduce poverty and enhance the living in India but there are hardly any changes that we can consider. India’s malnutrition burden is widely acknowledged to be a major public policy challenge. The lack of toilets and unhygienic atmosphere are contributing in rise of various diseases. The social status of women is still lacking behind in comparison to men which also leads to various nutritional disorders in women as well as in children. Above all, the increasing prices of nutritional food over the past years is the major setback for the poor population of the country.
A new World Bank working paper by Felipe Dizon of the World Bank and Anna Herforth, an independent consultant, highlights another important risk factor: the rising prices of nutritious food items in the country. Dizon and Herforth show that the price of nutritional food items in India and three other South Asian countries has been increasing at a faster rate than the price of a typical food basket, with the gap widening over the years.
Dizon and Herforth use two methods to get the price of nutritional food items in India..
First one is calculating the cost of a recommended diet (CoRD) to estimate the cost of meeting food-based dietary guidelines using food prices and national dietary guidelines.
The second relies on the nutritious food price index (NPI) tracks changes in the price of nutritious foods by reweighting the standard food basket of the consumer price index (CPI) using weights that reflect the nutrition value of food items, as opposed to ones that reflect spending on food items.
The price of nutritious food items (such as vegetables, fruits, seafood, and meat products) have increased the most in India, while less nutritious items (such as cereals, sugars, oils and fats) have risen the least. Price of vegetables are particularly volatile because of seasonal and regional fluctuations in production.
These aspects are giving rise to social and economical barriers. It is becoming a serious issue to be considered as soon as possible since a large no. Of Indian population is still come under the poverty line.
Essential changes are required for the betterment of the society.